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Vocabulary: fitness 词汇:健身

 你通常多久锻炼一次?近年来,很多人都开始热衷于通过健身运动来保持身体健康。如果你也想设计一套适合自己的锻炼计划,从而拥有令自己满意的身材或改善健康,却没有足够的资金雇用私人教练,那么应该怎样着手准备呢?如果你完全摸不着头绪,那就让本集的《随身英语》来教给你几个自主健身的小贴士吧。

课文内容

Vocabulary: fitness 词汇:健身

It’s very common these days for people to have a gym regime. Whatever the drive behind it, whether health-related, performance-related or just plain vainglory, it is not uncommon for people to take some sort of regular exercise each week.

But if you’ve never done it before, what’s the best way to go about it? Well, many people make use of a PT – that’s a personal trainer. This might be because they’re wet behind the ears or maybe they just don’t want the aggro of designing their own workout plan. A PT will create abespoke plan for you based on your aims. They will tailor it to your current abilities and, better still, they will teach you how to move in a way that won’t incapacitate you.

However, the trade-off with a PT is the price. Each hourly session can be steep considering the double whammy of having to pay both the PT and membership of the gym, too. If you are at all strapped for cash then regular sessions might be out of your budget.

So what’s left? Well, if you have the grit for it, you can make your own regime. It’s relatively easy to do if you have the know-how. But before you do, here are some basic pointers.

First, keep your fitness goal in mind. Are you looking to slim downbulk up, get shredded or increase your abilities? Whatever it is, make sure the things you choose to do are in pursuit of that goal. Next, do your research. These days, social media is chock-full of fitness videos and advice. Watch as many of these as possible, but make sure to be a little critical of them – everyone has a different physique and what works for one may not work for another. Finally,keep your feet on the ground. Be patient with yourself and set realistic goals – it takes at least three months to see any realistic body changes. And don’t be overzealous – never work in pain – a good workout is difficult and challenging, but never painful. Pain means you are damaging yourself.

If nothing else, focus on calisthenics – these are the basic body movements which everyone can do anywhere, even at home. They include squatspush-upspull-ups and crunches, among other things. Do as many of one exercise as you can without stopping, and then try and repeat that number twice more – make sure you sweat, and don’t forget to rest for a minute in between!

词汇表

gym regime 健身计划、健身方法
vainglory 虚荣心
wet behind the ears 无所适从的、毫无经验的
aggro 麻烦
bespoke 量身定制的
incapacitate 使人无法做…
trade-off 妥协、让步
steep 价格极高的(口语) 
double whammy 雪上加霜,双重打击
strapped for cash 手头紧
know-how 专业知识
slim down 变得苗条、瘦下来
bulk up 变得更壮
shredded 肌肉线条分明的(口语)
physique 体格
keep your feet on the ground 脚踏实地
overzealous 过度热衷的
calisthenics 健美操
squat 蹲起运动
push-up 俯卧撑
pull-up 引体向上
crunch 仰卧起坐 


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